Monday, May 27, 2024

XMC plans IPO

XMC CIS Technology Platform []

XMC builds a full-loop & one-stop CIS (CMOS Image Sensor) technology platform. XMC has mass production capability of high-performance, low-power image sensor products. This technology can be widely used in smartphones, automotive electronics, machine vision, professional imaging and other market segments.

TrendForce News:

(Also on DigiTimes Asia, but paywalled:

 XMC initiates IPO in Chinese competitive foundry market

NOR Flash manufacturer Wuhan Xinxin Semiconductor Manufacturing Co. (XMC) recently disclosed an IPO counseling filing with the Hubei Securities Regulatory Bureau, according to the official website of the China Securities Regulatory Commission. Its recently announced bidding project may indicate its ambition to become China’s first HBM foundry, according to the report by Chinese media Semi Insights.

As per information from its website, XMC provides 12-inch foundry services for NOR Flash, CIS, and Logic applications with processes of 40 nanometers and above. Originally a wholly-owned subsidiary of Yangtze Memory Technologies (YMTC), XMC announced in March its first external financing round, increasing its registered capital from approximately CNY 5.782 billion to about CNY 8.479 billion. Its IPO counseling filing also indicates that it is still majority-owned by YMTC, with a shareholding ratio of 68.1937%.

According to market sources cited in the same report, XMC’s initiation of external financing and IPO plan is primarily aimed at supporting the significant expansion during a crucial development phase for YMTC. Given the substantial scale of YMTC, completing an IPO within three years poses challenges. Therefore, XMC was chosen as the IPO entity to enhance financing channels.

It is noteworthy that XMC also announced its latest bidding project on HBM (High Bandwidth Memory) – related advanced packaging technology R&D and production line construction, according to local media.

The project indicates the company’s capability to apply three-dimensional integrated multi-wafer stacking technology to develop domestically produced HBM products with higher capacity, greater bandwidth, lower power consumption, and higher production efficiency. With plans to add 16 sets of equipment, XMC’s latest project aims to achieve a monthly output capacity of over 3000 wafers (12 inches), showing its ambition of becoming China’s first HBM foundry.

On December 3, 2018, XMC announced the successful development of its three-dimensional wafer stacking technology based on its three-dimensional integration technology platform. This marks a significant advancement for the company in the field of three-dimensional integration technology, enabling higher density and more complex chip integration.

Currently, XMC has made much progress in the research and development of three-dimensional integrated multi-wafer stacking technology, which has been evident in the successful development of three-wafer stacking technology, the application of three-dimensional integration technology in back-illuminated image sensors, advancements in HBM technology research and industrialization efforts, as well as breakthroughs in the 3D NAND project.

Saturday, May 25, 2024

Two New Jobs Submitted by Luxima

Luxima Technology

Arcadia, California, USA     Career page link

Junior position - Analog Design Engineer

Senior position - Staff Analog Design Engineer 

Friday, May 24, 2024

"Black Silicon" photodiodes

Title: Excellent Responsivity and Low Dark Current Obtained with Metal-Assisted Chemical Etched Si Photodiode

Author: Kexun Chen, Olli E. Setälä, Xiaolong Liu, Behrad Radfar, Toni P. Pasanen, Michael D. Serué, Juha Heinonen, Hele Savin, Ville Vähänissi

Affiliation: Aalto University, Finland

Abstract: Metal-assisted chemical etched (MACE, also known as MacEtch or MCCE) nanostructures are utilized widely in the solar cell industry due to their excellent optical properties combined with a simple and cost-efficient fabrication process. The photodetection community, on the other hand, has not shown much interest towards MACE due to its drawbacks including insufficient surface passivation, increased junction recombination, and possible metal contamination, which are especially detrimental to pn-photodiodes. Here, we aim to change this by demonstrating how to fabricate high-performance MACE pn-photodiodes with above 90% external quantum efficiency (EQE) without external bias voltage at 200–1000 nm and dark current less than 3 nA/cm2 at −5 V using industrially applicable methods. The key is to utilize an induced junction created by an atomic layer deposited highly charged Al2O3 thin film that simultaneously provides efficient field-effect passivation and full conformality over the MACE nanostructures. Achieving close to ideal performance demonstrates the vast potential of MACE nanostructures in the fabrication of high-performance low-cost pn-photodiodes.

Wednesday, May 22, 2024

Prophesee AMD collaboration on DVS FPGA devkit

Prophesee collaborates with AMD to deliver industry-first Event-based Vision solution running on leading, FPGA-based AMD Kria™ KV260 Vision AI Starter Kit

Developers can now take full advantage of Prophesee Event-based Metavision® sensor and AI
performance, power, and speed to create the next generation of Edge AI machine vision applications
running on AMD platforms.

PARIS - May 6, 2024 –Prophesee SA, inventor of the world’s most advanced neuromorphic vision systems, today announced that its Event-based Metavision HD sensor and AI are now available for use with the AMD Kria ™ KV260 Vision AI Starter Kit, creating a powerful and efficient combination to accelerate the development of advanced Edge machine vision applications. It marks the industry’s first Event-based Vision development kit compatible with an AMD platform, providing customers a platform to both evaluate and go to production with an industrial-grade solution for target applications such as smart city and machine vision, security cameras, retail analytics, and many others.

The development platform for the AMD Kria™ K26 System-on-Module (SOM), the KV260 Vision AI starter kit is built for advanced vision application development without requiring complex hardware design knowledge or FPGA programming skills. AMD Kria SOMs for edge AI applications provide a production-ready, energy-efficient FPGA-based device with enough I/O to speed up vision and robotics tasks at an affordable price point. Combined with the Prophesee breakthrough Event-based vision technology, machine vision system developers can leverage the lower latency and lower power capabilities of the Metavision platform to experiment and create more efficient, and in many cases not previously possible, applications compared to traditional frame-based vision sensing approaches.

A breakthrough plug-and-play Active Markers Tracking application is included in this kit. It allows for >1,000Hz 3D pose estimation, with complete background rejection at pixel level while providing extreme robustness to challenging lighting conditions.

This application highlights unique features of Prophesee’s Event-based Metavision technologies, enabling a new range of ultra high-speed tracking use cases such as game controller tracking, construction site safety, heavy load anti-sway systems and many more.

Multiple additional ready-to-use application algorithms will be made available over the coming months.

The Prophesee Starter Kit provides an ‘out of the box’ development solution to quickly get up and running with the Prophesee Metavision SDK and IMX636 HD Event-based sensor realized in collaboration between Prophesee and Sony, allowing easy porting of algorithms to the AMD commercial and industrial-grade system-on-module (SOMs) powered by the custom-built Zynq™ UltraScale+™ multiprocessing SoC.

The new, Prophesee-enabled Kria KV260 AI Starter Kit will be on display at Automate 2024 in
Prophesee’s booth 3452

“The ever-expanding Kria ecosystem helps make motion capture, connectivity, and edge AI applications more accessible to roboticists and developers,” said Chetan Khona, senior director of Industrial, Vision, Healthcare and Sciences Markets, AMD. “Prophesee Event-based Vision offers unique advantages for machine vision applications. Its low data consumption translates into efficient energy consumption, less compute and memory needed, and fast response times.”

“It’s never been easier to develop Event-based Edge applications with this combination of development aids from AMD and Prophesee,” said Luca Verre, co-founder and CEO of Prophesee. “We are providing everything needed to take complete advantage of the lower power processing and low latency performance inherent in Event-based Vision, as well as provide an environment to optimize machine vision system based on specific KPIs for customer-defined applications and use cases. This will further accelerate the adoption of Event-based Vision in key market segments that can benefit from Metavision’s unique advantages.”



Monday, May 20, 2024

PixArt far infrared sensors - 3 part video series

 This video is the first episode of the Far Infrared (FIR) sensor series, focusing on the basic concepts of FIR and highlighting the differences between traditional thermistor and FIR thermopile.


This video is the second episode of the Far Infrared (FIR) sensor series, introducing PixArt's range of FIR sensor product lines. In addition to single point and 64-pixel array sensors, PixArt also provides a powerful 3-in-1 evaluation board that integrates a range of automated thermal detection functions.


This video is the third episode of the Far Infrared (FIR) sensor series, featuring demonstrations of 3 FIR sensors. In addition to showcasing real-life scenarios using PixArt’s FIR sensors, it also introduces various applications in different fields.

Sunday, May 19, 2024

Job Postings - Week of 19 May 2024


Product Engineer

Nampa, Idaho, USA



Camera Sensor System Engineer, Senior to Staff

Taipei City, Taiwan



Hardware Sensing Systems Engineer

San Diego, California, USA



Sr Engineer-Camera Sensor

Hyderabad, Telangana, India


L3Harris Technologies - WESCAM

Principal, Product Management

Waterdown, Ontario, Canada


NASA Postdoc

Infrared Detector Technology Development

Pasadena, California, USA



Account Manager, Americas

Ottawa, Ontario, Canada


Diamond Light Source

PDRA High-Z sensors and charge integrating detectors – Postdoc

Didcot, Oxfordshire, England



Sr. Field Applications Engineer

Fleet, Hampshire, England


A DIY copper oxide camera sensor

Can we make photosensitive pixels from Copper Oxide? Youtuber "Breaking Taps" answers:

Friday, May 17, 2024

One man's (event camera) noise is another man's signal

In a preprint titled "Noise2Image: Noise-Enabled Static Scene Recovery for Event Cameras" Cao et al. propose a method to use the inherent pixel noise present in even camera sensors to recover scene intensity maps.


Event cameras capture changes of intensity over time as a stream of ‘events’ and generally cannot measure intensity itself; hence, they are only used for imaging dynamic scenes. However, fluctuations
due to random photon arrival inevitably trigger noise events, even for static scenes. While previous efforts have been focused on filtering out these undesirable noise events to improve signal quality, we find that,
in the photon-noise regime, these noise events are correlated with the static scene intensity. We analyze the noise event generation and model its relationship to illuminance. Based on this understanding, we propose a method, called Noise2Image, to leverage the illuminance-dependent noise characteristics to recover the static parts of a scene, which are otherwise invisible to event cameras. We experimentally collect a dataset of noise events on static scenes to train and validate Noise2Image. Our results show that Noise2Image can robustly recover intensity images solely from noise events, providing a novel approach for capturing static scenes in event cameras, without additional hardware.



Wednesday, May 15, 2024

Photonic-electronic integrated circuit-based coherent LiDAR engine

Lukashchuk et al. recently published a paper titled "Photonic-electronic integrated circuit-based coherent LiDAR engine" in the journal Nature Communications.

Open access link:

Abstract: Chip-scale integration is a key enabler for the deployment of photonic technologies. Coherent laser ranging or FMCW LiDAR, a perception technology that benefits from instantaneous velocity and distance detection, eye-safe operation, long-range, and immunity to interference. However, wafer-scale integration of these systems has been challenged by stringent requirements on laser coherence, frequency agility, and the necessity for optical amplifiers. Here, we demonstrate a photonic-electronic LiDAR source composed of a micro-electronic-based high-voltage arbitrary waveform generator, a hybrid photonic circuit-based tunable Vernier laser with piezoelectric actuators, and an erbium-doped waveguide amplifier. Importantly, all systems are realized in a wafer-scale manufacturing-compatible process comprising III-V semiconductors, silicon nitride photonic integrated circuits, and 130-nm SiGe bipolar complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) technology. We conducted ranging experiments at a 10-meter distance with a precision level of 10 cm and a 50 kHz acquisition rate. The laser source is turnkey and linearization-free, and it can be seamlessly integrated with existing focal plane and optical phased array LiDAR approaches.

a Schematics of photonic-electronic LiDAR structure comprising a hybrid integrated laser source, charge-pump based HV-AWG ASIC, photonic integrated erbium-doped waveguide amplifier. b Coherent ranging principle. c Packaged laser source. RSOA is edge coupled to Si3N4 Vernier filter configuration waveguide, whereas the output is glued to the fiber port. PZT and microheater actuators are wirebonded as well as butterfly package thermistor. d Zoom-in view of (c) highlighting a microring with actuators. e Micrograph of the HV-AWG ASIC chip fabricated in a 130 nm SiGe BiCMOS technology. The total size of the chip is 1.17–1.07 mm2. f The Erbium-doped waveguide is optically excited by a 1480 nm pump showing green luminescence due to the transition from a higher lying energy level to the ground state.

a Schematics of the integrated circuit consisting of a 4-stage voltage-controlled differential ring oscillator which drives charge pump stages to generate high-voltage arbitrary waveforms. b Principles of waveform generation demonstrated by the output response to the applied control signals in the time domain. Inset shows the change in oscillation frequency in response to a frequency control input, from 88 MHz to 208 MHz, which modifies the output waveform. c Measured arbitrary waveforms generated by the ASIC with different shapes, amplitudes, periods and offset values. d Generation of the linearized sawtooth electrical waveform used in LiDAR measurements. Digital and analog control signals are modulated in the time domain to fine-tune the output. 

a Electrical waveform generated by the ASIC. Blue circles highlight the segment of ~ 16 μs used for ranging and linearity analysis. The red curve is a linear fit to the given segment. b Time-frequency map of the laser chirp obtained via heterodyne detection with auxiliary laser. RBW is set to 10 MHz. c Optical spectrum of Vernier laser output featuring 50 dB side mode suppression ratio. d Optical spectrum after EDWA with >20 mW optical power. e Instantaneous frequency of the optical chirp obtained via delayed homodyne measurement (inset: experimental setup). The red dashed line corresponds to the linear fit. The excursion of the chirp equates to 1.78 GHz over a 16 μs period. f Nonlinearity of the laser chirp inferred from (e). RMSE nonlinearity equates to 0.057% with the major chirp deviation from the linear fit lying in the window ± 2 MHz. g The frequency beatnote in the delayed homodyne measurement corresponds to the reference MZI delay ~10 m. The 90% fraction of the beatnote signal is taken for the Fourier transformation. h LiDAR resolution inferred from the FWHM of the MZI beatnotes over >20,000 realizations. The most probable resolution value is 11.5 cm, while the native resolution is 9.3 cm corresponding to 1.61 GHz (90% of 1.78 GHz).

a Schematics of the experimental setup for ranging experiments. The amplified laser chirp scans the target scene via a set of galvo mirrors. A digital sampling oscilloscope (DSO) records the balanced detected beating of the reflected and reference optical signals. CIRC - circulator, COL - collimator, BPD - balanced photodetector. b Point cloud consisting of ~ 104 pixels featuring the doughnut on a cone and C, S letters as a target 10 m away from the collimator. c The Fourier transform over one period, highlighting collimator, circulator and target reflection beatnotes. Blackman-Harris window function was applied to the time trace prior to the Fourier transformation. d Detection histogram of (b). e Single point imaging depth histogram indicating 1.5 cm precision of the LiDAR source.

Monday, May 13, 2024

SI Sensors introduces custom CIS design services

Custom CMOS image sensor design on a budget
Specialised Imaging Ltd reports on the recent market launch of SI Sensors (Cambridge, UK) - a new division of the company focused on the development of advanced CMOS image sensors.
Drawing upon a team of specialists with a broad range of experience in image sensor design – SI Sensors is creating custom image sensor designs with cutting edge performance. In particular, the company’s in-house experts have specialist knowledge of visible and non-visible imaging technologies, optimised light detection and charge transfer, radiation-hard sensor design, and creating CCD-in-CMOS pixels to enable novel imaging techniques such as ultra-fast burst mode imaging.
Philip Brown, General Manager of SI Sensors said, “In addition to developing new sensors for Specialised Imaging’s next generation of ultra-fast imaging cameras utilising the latest foundry technologies, we are developing solutions for other customers with unique image sensor design requirements including for space and defence applications”.
He added “SI Sensors team also use their skills and experience to develop bespoke image sensor packages that accommodate custom electrical, mechanical, and thermal interface requirements. Our aim is always to achieve the best balance between image sensor performance and cost (optimised value) for customers. To ensure performance and consistent quality and reliability we perform detailed electro-optical testing from characterisation through to mass production testing adhering to industry standards such as EMVA 1288”.
For further information on custom CMOS image sensor design and production please visit or contact SI Sensors on +44-1442-827728 or
Specialised Imaging Ltd is a dynamic company focused on niche imaging markets and applications, with particular emphasis on high-speed image capture and analysis. Drawing upon over 20 years’ experience, Specialised Imaging Ltd today are market leaders in the design and manufacture of ultra-fast framing cameras and ultra high-speed video cameras.