Pelican Imaging starts to present its approach at different forums. Apparently, Mobiletrax' post is based on one of those presentations:
"The founders of Pelican Imaging started with the idea of using an array of low resolution photoplanes coupled to an array of small lenses and using the overlapping information to create astounding images and videos.
The core intellectual property (IP) starts by using an array of 16 inexpensive, mass produced accurately aligned cameras. The array creates 16 images – each one slightly different from the other since it is capturing the image from a slightly different angle. Because the input images all come from lenses and pixel technologies that are mature and low cost, the yield of the solution should be very good. You can see the 16 ‘similar’ images captured by using the 16 lenses in Figure 2."
"Because each image is taken from a slightly different angle, the processing logic can determine the distance objects are from the camera, thus providing a depth map of the scene... And, the 16 slightly different versions of the photo offer the ability for Pelican’s proprietary (and patent pending) software to synthesize a higher resolution image."
Some of the camera capabilities are shown in pictures: