Thursday, October 10, 2019

IEDM 2019: Sony Presents 48MP All-pixel PDAF, 3-layer Organic, and InGaAs SWIR Sensors, Samsung finFETs for >100MP CIS, Omnivision Voltage Domain GS

IEDM 2019 program has briefly come up online and put down shortly after that yesterday with a promise to be published again in mid-October. Many interesting image sensor papers have been exposed for this short time:

  • A 1/2inch 48M All PDAF CMOS Image Sensor Using 0.8µm Quad Bayer Coding 2×2OCL with 1.0lux Minimum AF Illuminance Level
    Tatsuya Okawa, Susumu Ooki, Hiroaki Yamajo, Masakazu Kawada, Masayuki Tachi, Kazuhiro Goi, Takatsugu Yamasaki, Hiroki Iwashita, Sony Semiconductor manufacturing Corporation, Masahiko Nakamizo, Takayuki Ogasahara, Yoshiaki Kitano, Keiji Tatani, Sony Semiconductor Solutions Corporation, Sony Semiconductor Manufacturing Corporation
    We created the world's first all PDAF CMOS image sensor using 2x2 on-chip lens architecture. That had 1/2 inch 48M pixels with 0.8µm Quad Bayer coding for high resolution and HDR function, and all PDAF pixels achieved a minimum AF illuminance level of 1 lux.
  • Three-layer Stacked Color Image Sensor With 2.0-μm Pixel Size Using Organic Photoconductive Film
    Togashi Hideaki, Sony Semiconductor Solutions Corporation
    A three-layer stacked color image sensor was formed using an organic film. The sensor decreases the false color problem as it dose not require demosaicing. Furthermore, with the 2.0-μm pixel image sensor, improved spectral characteristics owing to green adsorption by the organic film above the red/blue photodiode, were successfully demonstrated.
  • High-definition Visible-SWIR InGaAs Image Sensor using Cu-Cu Bonding of IIIV to Silicon Wafer
    Shuji Manda, Sony Semiconductor Solutions Corporation
    We developed a back-illuminated InGaAs image sensor with 1280 x 1040 pixels at 5-um pitch by using Cu-Cu hybridization connecting different materials, a III-V InGaAs/InP of photodiode array, and a silicon readout integrated circuit (ROIC). A prototype device showed high sensitivity at visible to SWIR wavelengths and low dark current.
  • Nanophotonics contributions to state-of-the-art CMOS Image Sensors (Invited)
    Sozo Yokogawa, Sony Semiconductor Solutions Corporation
    Recent progress of Back-illuminated CMOS image sensors (BI-CISs), focusing on their pixel improvements with the design of optical properties using subwavelength sizescale strcutures and photonics technologies, are reviewed. These technologies contribute not only improving BI-CIS basic performance but also adding new functions for versatile sensing applications.
  • 14nm FinFET Process Technology Platform for Over 100M Pixel Density and Ultra Low Power 3D Stack CMOS Image Sensor
    Donghee Yu, Choongjae Lee, Myoungkyu Park, Samsung, Samsung Electronics
    CMOS Image Sensor(CIS) products need higher voltage device and better analog characteristics than conventional SOC & Logic products. This work presents newly developed 14nm FinFET process with 2.xV high voltage FinFET device characteristics showing excellent analog and low power digital characteristics comparing to 28nm planar process.
  • A 0.8 µm Smart Dual Conversion Gain Pixel for 64 Megapixels CMOS Image Sensor with 12k e- Full-Well Capacitance and Low Dark Noise
    Donghyuk Park, Seung-Wook Lee, Jinhwa Han, Dongyoung Jang, Heesang Kwon, Seungwon Cha, Mihye Kim, Haewon Lee, Sungho Suh, Woong Joo, Yunki Lee, Seungjoo Nah, Heegeun Jeong, Bumsuk Kim, Sangil Jung, Jesuk Lee, Yitae Kim, Chang-Rok Moon, Yongin Park, Samsung Electronics
    A 0.8 μm-pitch 64 megapixels CIS has been demonstrated for the first time. 6k e- full-well capacity (FWC) was achieved, and the advanced color filter isolation was introduced. Dual conversion gain enhanced the Tetracell FWC to 12k e-. Highly refined deep trench isolation and photodiode also improved dark noise characteristics.
  • Low-Latency Interactive Sensing for Machine Vision (Invited)
    Paul K. J. Park, Jun-Seok Kim, Chang-Woo Shin, Hyunku Lee, Weiheng Liu, Qiang Wang, Yohan J. Roh, Jeonghan Kim, Yotam Ater, Hyunsurk Ryu, Samsung Electronics
    We introduce the low-latency interactive sensing and processing solution for machine vision applications. The event-based vision sensor can compress the information of moving objects in cost-effective way, which in turn, enables the energy-efficient and real-time processing in various applications such as person detection, motion recognition, and Simultaneous Localization and Mapping.
  • A 2.2µm Stacked Back Side Illuminated Voltage Domain Global Shutter CMOS Image Sensor
    Geunsook Park, Alan Hsiung, Keiji Mabuchi, Jingming Yao, Zhiqiang Lin, Vincent Venezia, Tongtong Yu, Yu-Shen Yang, Tiejun Dai, Lindsay Grant, OmniVision
    This paper introduces a 2.2µm stacked BSI voltage domain global shutter CMOS image sensor displaying over 100dB shutter efficiency, as well as high NIR-QE of 38% at 940nm, 60% MTF Ny/2 at 940nm with stacked pixel level connections, high density MIM capacitors, and Full back-side Deep Trench Isolations.
  • A Highly Reliable Back Side Illuminated Pixel against Plasma Induced Damage
    Yolene Sacchettini, Jean-Pierre Carrère, Célestin Doyen, Stéphane Ricq, Romain Duru, Vincent Goiffon, Pierre Magnan, Kristell Courouble, STMicroelectronics / ISAE-Supaero, STMicroelectronics, Univ. of Toulouse
    Plasma process interaction with BSI image sensor is for the first time presented. The backside dielectrics properties modulate the damage, this was characterized by measuring the dielectrics charge and the interface state density. Metal oxides present a better hardiness to plasma damage due to their negative charge even after plasma.
  • Flexible, Active-Matrix Flat-Panel Image Sensor for Low Dose X-ray Detection Enabled by Integration of Perovskite Photodiode and Oxide Thin Film Transistor
    Taoyu Zou, Changdong Chen, Ben Xiang, Ya Wang, Chuan Liu, Shengdong Zhang, Hang Zhou, Peking University Shenzhen Graduate School, Sun Yat-sen University
    An image sensor based on low-cost two-step deposited perovskite photodiode arrays and oxide (IGZO) TFTs is demonstrated for direct and indirect X-ray imaging applications. The system can be fabricated on flexible substrates, and the perovskite photodiode exhibits a significant direct X-ray response, reaching a sensitivity of ~887 μCGy-cm^–2
  • Intelligent Vision Systems – Bringing Human-Machine Interface to AR/VR (Invited)
    Chiao Liu, Andrew Berkovich, Song Chen, Hans Reyserhove, Syed Shakib Sarwar, Tsung-Hsun Tsai, Facebook Reality Labs
    An all-day wearable AR/VR device in a glasses form factor needs new input modalities. The candidates include voice, eye gazing, hand/body/head gestures, and BCI. This paper describes computer vision based modalities and the sensor and system specifications, and propose solutions to the extremely stringent power, form factor and performance challenges.
  • High-speed Image Processing Devices and Its Applications (Invited)
    Masatoshi Ishikawa, The University of Tokyo
    We have developed a high-speed and low-latency image processing devices and systems. In this talk, their architectures and applications such as robotics, factory automation, fuman interface, bio/medical applications, 3D achieving, and vehicles will be explained by using videos.

IEDM tipsheet explains the impact of Sony InGaAs integration paper:

"Demand for imaging in the short-wavelength infrared range (SWIR, or 1,000-2,000nm wavelengths) has been increasing for industrial, science, medical, agricultural and security purposes. InGaAs has been used to build SWIR sensors because it can absorb light in this range that silicon cannot. With conventional back-illuminated InGaAs sensors, each pixel of a photodiode array is connected to a readout circuit on a silicon wafer by means of a microbump. But it’s difficult to scale these bumps, and so creating finepitch pixel arrays for greater image definition is difficult. A Sony team will describe an architecture in which each pixel in an InGaAs/InP photodiode array is connected to the readout circuit not with microbumps, but by means of copper-to-copper bonding, resulting in a much tighter pitch. They used the technique to build a prototype 1280 x 1024-pixel array with a 5µm pitch. Also, thinning of the InP layer and process optimization yielded a sensor that demonstrated high sensitivity and low dark current, respectively. The researchers say this work paves the way for high-definition SWIR imaging."


  1. Sub-1um is nice.. but come on guys: Who can do a true 18~24 stop HDR sensor, without any spatial or temporal artifacts? Or is the future just inevitably binary - one photon FWC at atom sized cells? A gigapixel 1/8" camera?

    1. "is the future just inevitably binary - one photon FWC at atom sized cells? A gigapixel 1/8" camera?"
      -I read that in Nakamura's Digital Still Camera 2005, more or less.

    2. Sony Semiconductor has a fully functional, commercialised 120dB (20 stops, 140dB in extended mode) CIS IMX490 for automotive industry.

  2. Does anyone got more info on Sony's organic sensor?

  3. Any news on the presentations? Are some proceedings available?


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