Wednesday, April 28, 2021

THz Imager Uses Photodiode for Scene Illumination (Not a Mistake, for Illumination!)

OSA Optics Express publishes a paper "Ultra-low phase-noise photonic terahertz imaging system based on two-tone square-law detection" by Sebastian Dülme, Matthias Steeg, Israa Mohammad, Nils Schrinski, Jonas Tebart, and Andreas Stöhr from University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany.

"In this paper, we demonstrate a phase-sensitive photonic terahertz imaging system, based on two-tone square-law detection with a record-low phase noise. The system comprises a high-frequency photodiode (PD) for THz generation and a square-law detector (SLD) for THz detection. Two terahertz of approximately 300 GHz tones, separated by an intermediate frequency (IF) (7 GHz–15 GHz), are generated in the PD by optical heterodyning and radiated into free-space. After transmission through a device-under-test, the two-tones are self-mixed inside the SLD. The mixing results in an IF-signal, which still contains the phase information of the terahertz tones. To achieve ultra-low phase-noise, we developed a new mixing scheme using a reference PD and a low-frequency electrical local oscillator (LO) to get rid of additional phase-noise terms. In combination with a second reference PD, the output signal of the SLD can be down-converted to the kHz region to realize lock-in detection with ultra-low phase noise. The evaluation of the phase-noise shows the to-date lowest reported value of phase deviation in a frequency domain photonic terahertz imaging and spectroscopy system of 0.034°. Consequently, we also attain a low minimum detectable path difference of 2 µm for a terahertz difference frequency of 15 GHz. This is in the same range as in coherent single-tone THz systems. At the same time, it lacks their complexity and restrictions caused by the necessary optical LOs, photoconductive antennas, temperature control and delay lines."

No comments:

Post a Comment

All comments are moderated to avoid spam and personal attacks.