Thursday, November 11, 2021

Black Phosphorus Vision Sensor

University of Washington, Seattle, publishes an paper "Programmable black phosphorus image sensor for broadband optoelectronic edge computing" by Seokhyeong Lee, Ruoming Peng, Changming Wu, and Mo Li.
"Image sensors with internal computing capability enable in-sensor computing that can significantly reduce the communication latency and power consumption for machine vision in distributed systems and robotics. Two-dimensional semiconductors are uniquely advantageous in realizing such intelligent visionary sensors because of their tunable electrical and optical properties and amenability for heterogeneous integration. Here, we report a multifunctional infrared image sensor based on an array of black phosphorous programmable phototransistors (bP-PPT). By controlling the stored charges in the gate dielectric layers electrically and optically, the bP-PPT's electrical conductance and photoresponsivity can be locally or remotely programmed with high precision to implement an in-sensor convolutional neural network (CNN). The sensor array can receive optical images transmitted over a broad spectral range in the infrared and perform inference computation to process and recognize the images with 92% accuracy. The demonstrated multispectral infrared imaging and in-sensor computing with the black phosphorous optoelectronic sensor array can be scaled up to build a more complex visionary neural network, which will find many promising applications for distributed and remote multispectral sensing."

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